Gardening: Practical Advice for Beginners and For the Old Hand
Gardening is a hobby for most people. In fact, many people who live a hectic life prefer this hobby because it gives them time to unwind, relax, and enjoy eating fresh vegetables. If you want to make gardening as a hobby, you should start by making a list of what to do before the actual planting.
Here are some useful tips to get you started.
Planning the Garden
Planning is the most important part in gardening, especially if it is your first time. During this stage of gardening, you have to think about the types of plants that you intend to grow. Planning is also a great opportunity to consider the quantity of seeds that you want to purchase. Most importantly, if you plan ahead of time, you can be sure that your garden will meet your needs and goals.
In planning your garden, here are a few things to consider:
• Garden location
• Garden plot/blueprint
• Types of plants
The best location to start gardening is an area where the soil is loose, well drained, and rich. In addition, plants tend to grow healthier if the garden location is in an open and level field. If you cannot find a fertile garden soil, there is an alternative. Just mix the garden soil with compost, manure, and leaves. You may also use fertilizers if necessary.
In plotting your garden, consider what types of vegetables you need to plant. Make a rough outline as to where you intend to place certain types of plants. Most seasoned gardeners create a detailed list that includes the planting schedule and the distance between rows in the garden plot.
Grouping similar types of plants is also helpful while you are planning your garden. For instance, you can separate plants like onions, lettuce, and radishes from tomatoes, corns, and pole beans. The purpose of grouping the same types of vegetables is to avoid shading the smaller plants. Planning the rows for each type of plant is also necessary for pollination. You may also plan to grow similar kinds of vegetables at various times.
Caring for Your Plants
Gardening is not just about choosing the appropriate type of vegetables. It also involves the ability to take care of your vegetation on a regular basis. Remember the following tips below.
• Weed control
• Proper harvesting methods
There is only one thing that could totally damage your garden — unwanted weeds. If you do not know how to control these annoying plants in your garden, then expect to see your entire vegetation overrun by weeds. Weeds can invite many insects and infect your vegetables with diseases. As much as possible, do not wait for a long time for weeds to grow.
Always water your plants every week, especially if it is not rainy season. It is also important to determine the type of soil. Sandy soils require more water.
For disease and insect control, always make sure that you understand the root cause of the problem before you find a solution. Apply the necessary products as much as possible. When you spray pesticides, see to it that you cover the tops and underside portions of the plants. Consider planting cultivars, instead of totally depending on chemical intensive pesticides.
You also need to learn when to harvest your vegetables properly. For each type of plant, there is a specific harvesting method. You need to study them very carefully to avoid damaging your produce.
Lastly, you should install bird nets if it is needed. Care must be taken seriously, especially if your plants are still young. Birds can quickly pluck your young plants and seedlings. You can choose to install bird netting by yourself or ask an expert to help you find the best material.